Located on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, in the middle of Peru’s western coastline, more than 8.5 million inhabitants make Lima their home.
Founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as the City of Kings, Lima developed into the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru as well as the most important city in South America during the Spanish rule.
The Historic Centre of Lima, or Cercado de Lima, is one of the most important tourist destinations in Peru. In 1988, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization named Lima’s Historic Centre and World Heritage Site. Various examples of Spanish colonial architecture can be seen within the approximate eight square mile area: the Cathedral, Convents of Santo Domingo and San Francisco, and the Palace of Torre Tagle, among others.
As the cultural center of Peru, Lima features museums such as the National Museum of Archeology, Anthropology and History of Peru, the Rafael Larco Herrera Archaeological Museum, the Gold Museum, and the Lima Art Museum. Additionally, located just outside Lima, the Pachacamac archaeological site features the most important pre-Inca buildings and temples along the Peruvian coast; dating back to the third century AD.
The climate in Lima is dry and warm, with average temperatures ranging from lows of 66°F (19°C) to highs of 84°F (29°C).